If you are like many of the people in the world, you toothpaste is soft, and when you brush, gives you that fresh minty taste. But have you ever wondered what is toothpaste made of?
In general, most toothpaste includes abrasives, foaming ingredient, binders, humectants, detergents, colors, flavors, preservatives, fluoride and water.
Toothpaste usually contains between 20 and 42 percent of water to help keep it from drying out.
To help your teeth get clean, most toothpaste uses abrasives such as baking soda, calcium carbonate, and silica. High levels of abrasives on the other hand may not be a good thing, as they can harm your teeth by weakening enamel. It’s always preferable to use toothpaste with a gentle abrasive. The right concentration of baking soda in your toothpaste works best to clean teeth of stains.
The most often found active ingredient in toothpaste is fluoride. Toothpaste sold in the United States has 1000 to 1100 parts per million fluoride.
Triclosan is also one of the antibacterial medications used in toothpaste. Long-term use of any antibacterial ingredient however may cause more problems than benefits by promoting antibiotic resistant bacteria.
Mint is the most common flavor along with other flavors such as peppermint, spearmint and wintergreen.
To improve the taste of toothpaste, sweeteners like saccharin, stevia or xylitol are added.