Stonehenge is Britain’s greatest national icon, symbolizing mystery, power and endurance. Its original purpose is unclear, but some have speculated it was a temple made for the worship of ancient deities. It has been thought of as an astronomical observatory for marking significant events. Others claim it was a sacred site for the burial of high-ranking citizens.
The question of who built it is largely unanswered even today. The construction has been attributed to many ancient peoples, but the most captivating and enduring attribution has been to the Druids. This erroneous connection started around three centuries ago. By this time, though, the stones had been standing for 2,000 years. Besides, the Druids worshipped in forest temples and had no need for stone structures.
The best guess seems to be that the site was begun by the people of the late Neolithic period and carried forward by people from a new economy which was arising at this time. These “new” people, called Beaker Folk because of their usage of pottery drinking vessels, began to use metal implements and to live in a more communal fashion than their ancestors.